Fly Casting Basics


There are more than one technique used to cast the fly.  The basic cast, the roll cast, the steeple cast and the fly casting technique of shooting line.  Instruction to master all of thes fly casting basics will be provided here.

Check out the video pictured here, Fly Casting Basics, for great tips and fly casting instruction.

Fly casting works because we use the weight of the fly line to bend the rod. We then force the rod to unbend which casts the line for us. It is the weight and resistance of the fly line that bends the rod. We unbend it by stopping. An effective stop is the most important part to learn.

In a fly cast, we are using both leverage and the spring of the fly rod.  The more abruptly we stop the rod, the faster the rod throws the line. Working on this stop is the first secret to a good fly cast.
You know when it's right purely by feel; you can actually feel the flyrod unloading at the end of the stop. You should be getting this feeling on both back casts and forward casts, and every single time you stop the rod. This is the fly cast feeling. Working on the stop is the quickest way to achieve results, especially a firm stop in the back cast.
Practice casting and actually feeling the rod load and unload by false casting a short length of line (around 20-25 feet of fly line) using the minimum of hand movement. The movement should be slow, gentle and relaxed.



Casting loops are formed when the line travels over the tip of the rod, after the positive stop. Good casting requires a narrow loop shape. The shape of the loop is directly dependent on the path the rod tip travels: narrow loops are caused by straight paths of the rod tip, open loops are caused by convex paths of the rod tip, and tailing loops (where the line crosses over itself) are caused by concave paths of the tip; ie the tip of the rod dips under the straight line path.

Remember that the fly rod bends when we cast; therefore forget the rule that the line goes where the thumb goes. This is broomstick logic. When you bend the rod, the tip comes closer to your thumb. This is not a matter of semantics, but is a basic principal.